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Denmark's fixed exchange rate regime and the delayed recovery from the Global Financial Crisis: A comparative macroeconomic analysis

Thomas Andersen and Nikolaj Malchow-Møller ()

No 10/2014, Discussion Papers of Business and Economics from University of Southern Denmark, Department of Business and Economics

Abstract: This paper compares Denmark’s growth performance to that of the other 18 non-Eurozone OECD economies during 2008-12. Denmark is the only country with a fixed exchange rate regime; the other 18 countries all have flexible exchange rates, mostly as part of an inflation-targeting framework. At the same time, Denmark is one of the worst growth performers during 2008-12. Our analysis indicates that the lack of monetary policy independence is central to understanding the meager Danish performance. Aggressive monetary policy during 2008-09 is an important predictor of economic growth during 2008-12; and Denmark, having outsourced monetary policy to the ECB, did not pursue monetary easing as aggressively as most other countries. Overall, the analysis suggests that had Denmark been able to follow Sweden in aggressively cutting interest rates in the wake of the Global Financial Crisis, it would have added three quarters of a percentage point to average annual real GDP growth during 2008-12.

Keywords: Exchange rate regimes; monetary policy; financial crisis; economic growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E52 E62 E65 F33 O57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 20 pages
Date: 2014-05-12
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-eec, nep-mac and nep-mon
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