Sexual Harassment and Gender Inequality in the Labor Market
Olle Folke and
Johanna Rickne ()
No 4/2020, Working Paper Series from Stockholm University, Swedish Institute for Social Research
This paper offers a comprehensive empirical analysis of sexual harassment in the Swedish labormarket. First, we use nationally representative survey data linked with employer-employee datato describe rates of self-reported sexual harassment across occupations and workplaces. The riskof sexual harassment is clearly imbalanced across the sex segregated labor market. In gender-mixed and male-dominated occupations and workplaces, women have a higher risk than men,and men have a higher risk than women in female-dominated contexts. We use a hypotheticaljob-choice experiment with vignettes for sexual harassment to measure the disutility of sexualharassment risks. Both men and women have an equally high willingness to pay for avoidingworkplaces where sexual harassment has occurred. But the willingness to pay is conditional onthe sex of the fictional harassment victim. People reject workplaces where the victim is the samesex as themselves, but not where the victim is of the opposite sex. We return to the administrativedata to study employer compensation for the disutility of sexual harassment risks. Withinworkplaces, a high risk is associated with lower, not higher wages. People who self-report sexualharassment also have higher job dissatisfaction, more quit intentions, and more actual quits.Both these patterns indicate a lack of full compensation. We conclude that sexual harassmentshould be conceptualized as gender discrimination in workplace amenities, and that thisdiscrimination reinforces sex segregation and pay-inequalities in the labor market.
Keywords: Gender Inequality; occupational gender segregation; Sexual harassment; workplace amenities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J24 J81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 63 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-hea and nep-lab
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Working Paper: Sexual Harassment and Gender Inequality in the Labor Market (2020)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hhs:sofiwp:2020_004
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