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How do monetary policy announcements affect inflation expectations?

Kerstin Olsson ()
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Kerstin Olsson: Department of Economics, Postal: Department of Economics, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden

No 2020:2, Working Paper Series from Uppsala University, Department of Economics

Abstract: This paper examines the effects of policy rate announcements on households' inflation expectations over the time period 2003-2015. The effect is estimated using a two-stage least squares regression model. The announced changes are instrumented by a monetary policy surprise variable obtained from high-frequency swap trade data. The effect of an announced increase in the policy rate on inflation expectations is significant and positive. According to the New-Keynesian model, the effect of an exogenous monetary policy shock depends on the assumptions made on the persistence of the shock process in the model. Alternatively, the results may be interpreted as the policy announcement signalling the central bank's private information on the direction of future inflation. Given the sizeable weight of housing costs in the Swedish CPI basket, the results may also be interpreted as reflecting the direct effect of interest rates on the CPI. In this case, households internalize the effects of interest rates on CPI, when forming expectations about the future rate of inflation.

Keywords: Monetary policy; Inflationary expectations; Instrumental Variables; Event studies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C26 E31 E52 G14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 28 pages
Date: 2020-04-18
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-mac and nep-mon
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