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Conflict exposure and health: Evidence from the Gaza Strip

Michele Di Maio () and Valerio Leone Sciabolazza ()
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Valerio Leone Sciabolazza: Department of Business and Economic Studies, University of Naples Parthenope

No 340, HiCN Working Papers from Households in Conflict Network

Abstract: Using individual-level longitudinal data and geo-localized information on conflict-related violent events, we study the impact of conflict on health in the Gaza Strip. Results show that individuals living in localities exposed to more conflict events have a higher probability of suffering from a physical impairment and a chronic disease. The effect is larger for men and older individuals. Two mechanisms contribute to explain why living in conflict-affected area increases the incidence of physical impairment: conflict increases the difficulty to reach health facilities and it decreases individual income. The conflict-induced increase in the probability of having high blood pressure is instead consistent with the development of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) due to the exposure to conflict-related violent events.

Keywords: Gaza Strip; conflict; violence; health; household income; health facilities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C81 C83 C93 O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 15 pages
Date: 2020-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-dem and nep-hea
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https://hicn.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2020/11/HiCN-WP-340.pdf First version, 2020 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Conflict exposure and health: Evidence from the Gaza Strip (2021) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hic:wpaper:340

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