EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Armed conflict exposure and trust: Evidence from a natural experiment in Turkey

Arzu Kibris () and Lena Gerling ()
Additional contact information
Arzu Kibris: University of Warwick
Lena Gerling: University of Muenster

No 363, HiCN Working Papers from Households in Conflict Network

Abstract: We study the individual-level effects of exposure to internal armed conflict on social capital, focusing on trust in institutions and in social relations. We introduce new data from a large-N field survey we conducted in Turkey in 2019, exploiting a natural experimental setting that is created by the military institutions and the geography of the long running civil conflict in the country. This setting allows us to identify and analyze the causal impacts of conflict exposure on trust assessments of our respondents in isolation from possible confoundment by conflict-related changes in the socio-economic environment. Results indicate heterogenous effects depending on the type of exposure. We find that while exposure to the conflict environment increases trust, those who directly experience violent events in that environment exhibit lower levels of trust. We document that the results are comparable for two different dimensions of trust, namely institutional trust and social trust. We then show that the effects transmit through exposure-induced changes in an individual’s worldviews. Our results highlight the legacies of internal conflicts on beliefs and behavior.

Pages: 48 pages
Date: 2022-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-exp and nep-soc
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://hicn.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2022/01/HiCN-WP-363.pdf First version, 2022 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hic:wpaper:363

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in HiCN Working Papers from Households in Conflict Network
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Tilman Brück () and () and () and ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-27
Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:363