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Conflict and Girl Child Marriage: Global Evidence

Caroline Krafft, Diana Jimena Arango, Amalia Hadas Rubin and Jocelyn Kelly
Additional contact information
Diana Jimena Arango: World Bank Group
Amalia Hadas Rubin: International Republican Institute
Jocelyn Kelly: Harvard Humanitarian Initiative

No 371, HiCN Working Papers from Households in Conflict Network

Abstract: Child marriage has lasting negative health, human capital, and welfare consequences. Conflict settings are characterized by a number of complex changes that can potentially increase the risk of child marriage, but there has been limited population-based research directly estimating the relationship between conflict and child marriage. Using Demographic and Health Survey data from 19 conflict-affected countries, this paper estimates the relationship between conflict and child marriage. It identifies the relationship based on variation over space and time in conflict intensity. The findings are mixed; in some countries conflict is associated with an increase in child marriage, in others it is associated with a decrease in child marriage, and in some cases there is not a statistically significant relationship. This overall pattern is robust to a variety of approaches to measuring conflict. These findings underscore how efforts to reduce child marriage need to consider conflict as a potential risk factor, but also one that is likely to interact with local economic, social, and demographic environments.

Keywords: Conflict; Child marriage; Humanitarian settings; Gender-based violence (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D74 J12 J13 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 39 pages
Date: 2022-08
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev and nep-hea
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https://hicn.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/10/2022/10/HiCN-WP-371.pdf First version, 2022 (application/pdf)

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