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Different levels of social organization in the formation of anti-school attitudes among adolescents

Valeria Ivaniushina () and Daniel Alexandrov ()
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Valeria Ivaniushina: Sociology of Education and Science Lab, National Research University Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg, Senior Researcher.
Daniel Alexandrov: Sociology of Education and Science Lab, National Research University Higher School of Economics, St. Petersburg, Professor.

HSE Working papers from National Research University Higher School of Economics

Abstract: This article analyzes student pro-school/anti-school attitudes on different levels and explores their relation to educational outcomes. We examine the individual level, school level, and clique level predictors (clique is defined as a tight social group within a class social network). Cliques were identified using special software called Kliquefinder. We use multi-level regression approach on a sample of 7300 students from 104 public schools from St.Petersburg. Our findings show that: 1.) Socio-economic differentiation of Russian schools does not lead to a polarization of pro-school/anti-school attitudes in different types of schools; 2.) The polarization of attitudes emerges and is maintained at the clique level; and, 3.) Clique attitudes have a significant impact on educational outcomes (net of a student’s socio-demographic characteristics and individual attitudes).

Keywords: pro-school/anti-school culture; peer effects; social network analysis; cliques. (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C12 I21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 23 pages
Date: 2013
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cis, nep-edu, nep-soc, nep-tra and nep-ure
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Published in WP BRP Series: Education / EDU, March 2013, pages 1-23

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