EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

How Do Trade and Communication Costs Shape the Spatial Organization Of Firms?

Toshitaka Gokan (), Sergey Kichko and Jacques Thisse ()
Additional contact information
Toshitaka Gokan: National Research University Higher School of Economics

No WP BRP 191/EC/2018, HSE Working papers from National Research University Higher School of Economics

Abstract: We show how trade and communication costs interact to shape the way firms organize their activities across space. We consider the following three organizational types: (i) integrated firms in which all activities are conducted at the same location, (ii) horizontal firms, which operate several plants producing the same good at different locations, and (iii) vertical firms, which perform distinct activities at separated locations. We find necessary and sufficient conditions for the three types of organization to coexist within the same country, whereas firms located in the other country are all spatially integrated. We then study how trade and communication costs affect firms’ organizational choices. First, lower trade costs lead to fewer firms going multinational. By contrast, less expensive communication flows leads to more investment abroad. The reason for this difference in results is that the two types of spatial frictions differ in nature: in the proximity-concentration trade-off, lower trade costs weaken the need for proximity, while lower communication costs foster deconcentration.

Keywords: trade costs; communication costs; spatial fragmentation of firms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F21 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo and nep-int
Date: 2018
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Published in WP BRP Series: Economics / EC, April 2018, pages 1-49

Downloads: (external link)
https://wp.hse.ru/data/2018/04/27/1151283310/191EC2018.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: How Do Trade and Communication Costs Shape the Spatial Organization of Firms? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: How do trade and communication costs shape the spatial organization of firms? (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: How do trade and communication costs shape the spatial organization of firms? (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hig:wpaper:191/ec/2018

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in HSE Working papers from National Research University Higher School of Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Shamil Abdulaev ().

 
Page updated 2019-11-21
Handle: RePEc:hig:wpaper:191/ec/2018