DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL KUZNETS CURVES FOR PRODUCTION- AND CONSUMPTION-BASED CO2 EMISSIONS
Igor Makarov ()
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Igor Makarov: National Research University Higher School of Economics
No WP BRP 199/EC/2018, HSE Working papers from National Research University Higher School of Economics
This paper analyzes the patterns of CO2 emissions for a sample of 144 countries in 1992–2013. The environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis was tested with the help of econometric analysis for both production- and consumption-based emissions. The relationship between incomes and emissions was also examined for leading national economies. The results show an important distinction: while there is some evidence of decoupling between economic growth and the growth of production-based emissions at a higher level of income, consumption-based emissions continue to grow with rising incomes even in the richest countries. There is further investigation of the discrepancies between production and consumption EKCs, which are determined by emissions embodied in international trade. A structural decomposition analysis (SDA) was applied to define the contribution of different factors to the change in emissions embodied in trade with the rise of GDP per capita. While structural and technological factors explain most of this change at low and middle levels of income, the effect of the volume of trade plays the key role in the evolution of emissions embodied in trade in high-income countries
Keywords: environmental Kuznets curve; greenhouse gas emissions; international trade; consumption-based emissions; structural decomposition analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: Q54 F18 F64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-env
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Published in WP BRP Series: Economics / EC, October 2018, pages 1-28
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hig:wpaper:199/ec/2018
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