Human Development And Generalized Trust: Multilevel Evidence
Eduard Ponarin () and
Christian Welzel ()
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Eduard Ponarin: National Research University Higher School of Economics
Christian Welzel: National Research University Higher School of Economics
HSE Working papers from National Research University Higher School of Economics
Generalized trust is one of the most debated topics in social sciences. A flood of papers attempting to examine its foundations has been published over the last few decades. However, only a handful of studies incorporates a multilevel approach and investigates how macro conditions shape the individual determinants of generalized trust. This investigation seeks to fill this gap, using the broad sample of the fifth round of the World Values Survey, multilevel regression modeling, human development as country-level moderator and trust in unknown people as a more perfect measure of generalized trust. We took six theories of trust origin suggested by Delhey and Newton (2003) as a starting point, and demonstrate that along with common factors (such as particularized trust and confidence in institutions), generalized trust can be influenced by a set of specific determinants which differ depending on the level of human development. In poorly developed societies, financial satisfaction was the only indicator that fostered generalized trust, while education decreased it. In highly developed countries it was active membership, open-access activities, emancipative values, age and education which contributed to the strengthening of trust
Keywords: generalized trust; trust radius; trust theories; human development; multilevel regression modeling; moderation effect (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C21 D64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 27 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-soc
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Published in WP BRP Series: Sociology / SOC, December 2014, pages 1-27
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hig:wpaper:58/soc/2014
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