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Why Has the Fraction of Contingent Workers Increased? A Case Study of Japan

Hirokatsu Asano, Takahiro Ito and Daiji Kawaguchi ()
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Hirokatsu Asano: Faculty of Economics, Asia University

No 1-3, IDEC DP2 Series from Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC)

Abstract: This paper explains the secular increase of contingent workers in Japan whose share of employment increased from 17 to 34 percent between 1986 and 2008. Changes in labor-forceand industrial compositions explain about one quarter of the increase of contingent workers. The uncertainty of product demand and the introduction of information and communication technologies increased firms' usage of contingent workers. The increase of contingent workers was concentrated among new entrants to the labor market, male workers of younger cohorts, and female workers of all cohorts, suggesting that the declining importance of the long-term employment relationship is a major cause for the increase of contingent workers.

Keywords: Contingent Workers; Female Labor Supply; Uncertainty; ICT; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
Date: 2011-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-lab and nep-lma
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (12) Track citations by RSS feed

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http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/files/public/31676 ... 01/IDEC-DP2_01-3.pdf First version, 2011 (application/pdf)

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Working Paper: Why Has the Fraction of Contingent Workers Increased? A case study of Japan (2011) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hir:idecdp:1-3

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