Why Has the Fraction of Contingent Workers Increased? A Case Study of Japan
Takahiro Ito and
Daiji Kawaguchi ()
Additional contact information
Hirokatsu Asano: Faculty of Economics, Asia University
No 1-3, IDEC DP2 Series from Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC)
This paper explains the secular increase of contingent workers in Japan whose share of employment increased from 17 to 34 percent between 1986 and 2008. Changes in labor-forceand industrial compositions explain about one quarter of the increase of contingent workers. The uncertainty of product demand and the introduction of information and communication technologies increased firms' usage of contingent workers. The increase of contingent workers was concentrated among new entrants to the labor market, male workers of younger cohorts, and female workers of all cohorts, suggesting that the declining importance of the long-term employment relationship is a major cause for the increase of contingent workers.
Keywords: Contingent Workers; Female Labor Supply; Uncertainty; ICT; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 44 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-lab and nep-lma
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (12) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
http://ir.lib.hiroshima-u.ac.jp/files/public/31676 ... 01/IDEC-DP2_01-3.pdf First version, 2011 (application/pdf)
Working Paper: Why Has the Fraction of Contingent Workers Increased? A case study of Japan (2011)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hir:idecdp:1-3
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in IDEC DP2 Series from Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Keisuke Kawata ().