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Gender Occupational Segregation in an Equilibrium Search Model

Emiko Usui

No 560, CIS Discussion paper series from Center for Intergenerational Studies, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: This paper develops an equilibrium search model to explain gender asymmetry in occupational distribution. Workers’ utility depends on salary and working hours, and women have a greater aversion to market hours than men. Simulations indicate that women crowd into shorter-hour, lower-paying jobs than men. If employers discriminate against women, offers are tailored more toward men’s preferences; employers require longer working hours, and fewer women work at these jobs. Similarly, if women have a disutility factor in their utility toward positions with a higher proportion of men, fewer women work at these jobs. In both cases, gender segregation is reinforced

Keywords: Equilibrium Search; Gender preferences; Employer discrimination; Employee discrimination (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 J16 J64 J71 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-dge and nep-lab
Date: 2012-06
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/23106/1/cis_dp560.pdf

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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hit:cisdps:560

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