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Institutions and Determinants of Firm Survival in European Emerging Markets

Eduard Baumohl (), Ichiro Iwasaki () and Evžen Kočenda ()

No 2018-1, CEI Working Paper Series from Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: We analyze the impact of institutional quality on firm survival in 15 Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. We employ the Cox proportional hazards model with a large dataset of firms from 2006–2015 and control for firm-specific determinants and country differences. Our results show that institutional quality (IQ) is a significant preventive factor for firm survival, and the result is robust to different measures of IQ and industry sectors. Furthermore, we document the existence of diminishing productivity of IQ, as the economic effect upon institutions is largest for low-level IQ countries and smallest for high-level IQ countries. In terms of firm-specific controls, ownership structure plays a vital role in strengthening the probability of firm survival. Notably, foreign ownership helps firms survive in all three country groups, and the effect is again larger for countries with low- and mid-level IQs. ROA, profit margin, solvency ratio, and firm age represent additional significant preventive factors, albeit with smaller economic effects.

Keywords: firm survival; CEE countries; survival and exit determinants; hazards model (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D22 G01 G33 G34 P34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 22, [12] p.
Date: 2018-04
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cfn, nep-tid and nep-tra
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http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/29133/1/wp2018-1.pdf

Related works:
Journal Article: Institutions and determinants of firm survival in European emerging markets (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Institutions and determinants of firm survival in European emerging markets (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hit:hitcei:2018-1

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