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Secondary education and international labor mobility: Evidence from the free secondary education reform in the Philippines

Kazuya Masuda and Yoko Sakai

No 2018-5, CEI Working Paper Series from Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: International labor mobility is a key factor for a well-functioning labor market. Although educational attainment is known to affect regional labor mobility within a country, evidence of a relationship between schooling and international labor mobility is limited, particularly in developing countries. This study uses the across-cohort variation in the exposure to the 1988 free secondary education reform in the Philippines to examine the impact of years of education on the propensity of working abroad. The results suggest that attaining another year of schooling increases the likelihood of working abroad by 3 and 8 percentage points for men and women, respectively. These results suggest that education improves the ability to deal with negative economic shocks by allowing individuals to find employment in the international labor market.

Keywords: Labor mobility; Migration; Education; Philippines; Free secondary education (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J61 R23 I20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46 p.
Date: 2018-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-lab, nep-sea and nep-ure
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