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Crowding-Out Effect of Publicly Provided Childcare: Why Maternal Employment Did Not Increase

Yukiko Asai, Ryo Kambayashi () and Shintaro Yamaguchi

No 626, Discussion Paper Series from Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: We estimate the causal effects of childcare availability on the maternal employment rate using prefecture panel data constructed from the Japanese quinquennial census 1990-2010. We find that childcare availability did not increase maternal employment due to the crowding-out effects. Namely, families substituted accredited childcare for informal care by grandparents. We also find evidence that more and more families do not live with grandparents who used to take care of grandchildren, as the availability of accredited childcare increases.

Keywords: childcare; female labor supply; maternal employment; nuclear family; three-generation family (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J21 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 29 pages
Date: 2015-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lma
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Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2)

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Related works:
Working Paper: Crowding-Out Effect of Publicly Provided Childcare: Why Maternal Employment Did Not Increase (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Crowding-Out Effect of Publicly Provided Childcare: Why Maternal Employment Did Not Increase (2015) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hit:hituec:626

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