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Structural Change, Capital Deepening, and TFP Growth in Japan: 1885-1970

Kyoji Fukao (), Tatsuji Makino and Tokihiko Settsu

No 693, Discussion Paper Series from Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: After the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Japan modernized its institutions and economic growth gradually picked up. Growth accelerated especially during the so-called high-speed growth era from 1955 to 1970, when Japan rapidly caught up with Western economies. The long-term sustained high-speed growth recorded during this period was unprecedented not only in Japan but worldwide. While other East Asian countries such as Singapore, Taiwan, South Korea, and China subsequently also experienced remarkable growth over a prolonged period, Japan’s place in history as the first country to record such sustained high-speed growth means that its experience continues to garner worldwide interest. Using newly constructed Hitotsubashi estimates of Japan’s historical GDP statistics and a growth accounting framework, we analyze the sources of Japan’s economic growth from 1885 to 1970 and try to answer why Japan was not able to accomplish such high-speed growth before 1955. Since until the mid-1960s the primary sector accounted for a large share of economic activity and was a major determinant of overall economic growth, we use a Hayashi and Prescott (2008) type two-sector model in which the economy overall is divided into the primary sector and the non-primary sector

Date: 2019-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro, nep-his, nep-sea and nep-tid
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Working Paper: Structural Change, Capital Deepening, and TFP Growth in Japan: 1885-1970 (2019) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hit:hituec:693

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