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Contributions of young scholars in team-based scientific research

Masatsura Igami, Sadao Nagaoka and John P. Walsh

No 13-02, IIR Working Paper from Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University

Abstract: How to design and manage a research team has become an increasingly important issue in knowledge creation in science. This paper aims to understand how young scholars contribute to scientific research in the context of a research team. We have found that the likelihood of the involvement of postdoctoral fellows is high in research teams working on a rapidly advancing research theme, facing competitive threat, and in those research teams with foreign-born scholars and when exploiting advanced research equipment. Focusing on the papers where the order of the authors follows contribution, the probability of postdoctoral fellows becoming the first authors is more likely to exceed that due to a random assignment in the research teams facing competitive threat, with foreign-born postdoctoral scholars and when exploiting advanced research equipment. Finally, we have found that the involvement of postdoctoral fellows is positively associated with research performance in terms of citation counts and with shorter time to the publication even if the size of project is controlled for. The finding that postdoctoral fellows accelerate the speed of research is consistent with the fact that they become more likely to be the first authors in the face of strong scientific competition. These findings illuminate how young scholars contribute to the teambased research.

Keywords: Team; Young scholars; Science; First Author; Competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O30 D23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-hrm, nep-ppm and nep-sog
Date: 2013-01
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:hit:iirwps:13-02

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