Economics at your fingertips  

Early-Life Environment and Adult Stature in Brazil during the Period 1950 to 1980

Victor Hugo de Oliveira and Climent Quintana-Domeque
Additional contact information
Victor Hugo de Oliveira: IPECE

No 2014-008, Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group

Abstract: We study the relationship between environmental conditions at birth and adult stature using cohort-state level data in Brazil. We find that GDP per capita in the year of birth, not infant mortality rate, is a robust correlate of population stature in Brazil during the period 1950-1980. Our results are robust to a battery of robustness checks. Using a useful bracketing property of the (state) fixed effects and lagged dependent variables (heights) estimators, we find that an increase in GDP per capita of the magnitude corresponding to that period is associated with 43%-68% of the increase in adult height occurring in the same time span. Income, not disease, appears to be the main correlate of Brazilian population heights in the second half of the 20th Century.

Keywords: infant mortality; income; adult height; bracketing property; fixed effects estimator; lagged dependent variable estimator (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 O54 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-his and nep-lam
Note: FI
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1)

Downloads: (external link) ... zil_March_1_2014.pdf First version, 3/1/2014 (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jennifer Pachon ().

Page updated 2024-07-23
Handle: RePEc:hka:wpaper:2014-008