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Actors in the Child Development Process

Daniela Del Boca (), Christopher Flinn (), Ewout Verriest () and Matthew Wiswall ()
Additional contact information
Matthew Wiswall: Arizona State University

No 2019-005, Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group

Abstract: We construct and estimate a model of child development in which both the parents and children make investments in the child’s skill development. In each period of the development process, partially altruistic parents act as the Stackelberg leader and the child the follower when setting her own study time. We then extend this non-cooperative form of interaction by allowing parents to offer incentives to the child to increase her study time, at some monitoring cost. We show that this incentive scheme, a kind of internal conditional cash transfer, produces efficient outcomes and, in general, increases the child’s cognitive ability. In addition to heterogeneity in resources (wage offers and non-labor income), the model allows for heterogeneity in preferences both for parents and children, and in monitoring costs. Like their parents, children are forward-looking, but we allow children and parents to have different preferences and for children to have age-varying discount rates, becoming more “patient” as they age. Using detailed time diary information on the allocation of parent and child time linked to measures of child cognitive ability, we estimate several versions of the model. Using model estimates, we explore the impact of various government income transfer policies on child development. As in Del Boca et al. (2016), we find that the most effective set of policies are (external) conditional cash transfers, in which the household receives an income transfer given that the child’s cognitive ability exceeds a prespecified threshold. We find that the possibility of households using internal conditional cash transfers greatly increases the cost effectiveness of external conditional cash transfer policies.

Keywords: Time Allocation; Child Development; household labor supply (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 D10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ltv and nep-neu
Note: FI
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http://humcap.uchicago.edu/RePEc/hka/wpaper/DelBoc ... elopment-process.pdf First version, February 11, 2019 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Actors in the Child Development Process (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Actors in the Child Development Process (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Actors in the Child Development Process (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Actors in the Child Development Process (2019) Downloads
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