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Does Stimulating Physical Activity Affect School Performance?

Bart Golsteyn (), Maria W. J. Jansen, Dave H. H. Van Kann () and Annelore Verhagen
Additional contact information
Maria W. J. Jansen: Maastricht University
Dave H. H. Van Kann: Maastricht University,

No 2019-042, Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group

Abstract: This paper investigates whether encouraging children to become more physically active in their everyday life affects their primary school performance. We use data from a field quasi- experiment called the Active Living Program, which aimed to increase active modes of transportation to school and active play among 8- to 12-year-olds living in low socioeconomic status (SES) areas in the Netherlands. Difference-in-differences estimations reveal that while the interventions increase time spent on physical activity during school hours, they negatively affect school performance, especially among the worst-performing students. Further analyses reveal that increased restlessness during instruction time is a potential mechanism for this negative effect. Our results suggest that the commonly found positive effects of exercising or participating in sports on educational outcomes may not be generalizable to physical activity in everyday life. Policymakers and educators who seek to increase physical activity in everyday life need to weigh the health and well-being benefits against the probability of increasing inequality in school performance.

Keywords: health behavior; field quasi-experiment; education; physical activity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 I12 I20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu, nep-hea, nep-spo and nep-ure
Note: IP
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http://humcap.uchicago.edu/RePEc/hka/wpaper/Golste ... hool-performance.pdf First version, July, 2019 (application/pdf)

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Journal Article: Does Stimulating Physical Activity Affect School Performance? (2020) Downloads
Working Paper: Does Stimulating Physical Activity Affect School Performance? (2019) Downloads
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