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Understanding Spillover of Peer Parental Education: Randomization Evidence and Mechanisms

Bobby Chung () and Jian Zou ()
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Bobby Chung: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

No 2020-045, Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group

Abstract: We utilize random assignment of students into classrooms in China middle schools to study the mechanisms behind the spillover of peer parental education on student achievement. Analyzing the China Education Panel Survey, we find a causal relationship between classmates' maternal education and student test score. In addition to the conventional peer effect and teacher response channel, we identify mother adjustment of parenting style as another important mediating factor. We provide suggestive evidence about the existence of mother's network, which facilitates the change in parenting style. We also find that the spillover of peer maternal education on non-repeaters and non-migrant students is stronger, primarily driven by higher parental investment on time.

Keywords: peer effects; peers' parents; parental investments; parenting style (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D91 I24 J13 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-edu, nep-net and nep-ure
Note: ECI
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