Stay-at-Home Peer Mothers and Gender Norms: Short-run Effects on Educational Outcomes
Liwen Chen (),
Bobby Chung () and
Guanghua Wang ()
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Liwen Chen: East China Normal University
Bobby Chung: St Bonaventure University
Guanghua Wang: Nanjing Audit University
No 2022-039, Working Papers from Human Capital and Economic Opportunity Working Group
Increased exposure to gender-role information affects a girl's educational performance. Utilizing the classroom randomization in Chinese middle schools, we find that the increased presence of stay-at-home peer mothers significantly reduces a girl's performance in mathematics. This exposure also cultivates gendered attitudes towards mathematics and STEM professions. The influence of peer mothers increases with network density and when the girl has a distant relationship with her parents. As falsification tests against unobserved confounding factors, we find that the exposure to stay-at-home peer mothers does not affect boys' performance, nor do we find that stay-at-home peer fathers affect girls' outcomes.
Keywords: cultural transmission; gender identity; gender norms; role models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 J16 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cna, nep-net and nep-ure
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