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An Historical Perspective on the Quest for Financial Stability and the Monetary Policy Regime

Michael Bordo ()

No 17108, Economics Working Papers from Hoover Institution, Stanford University

Abstract: This paper surveys the co-evolution of monetary policy and financial stability for a number of countries across four exchange rate regimes from 1880 to the present. I present historical evidence on the incidence, costs and determinants of financial crises, combined with narratives on some famous financial crises. I then focus on some empirical historical evidence on the relationship between credit booms, asset price booms and serious financial crises. My exploration suggests that financial crises have many causes, including credit driven asset price booms, which have become more prevalent in recent decades, but that in general financial crises are very heterogeneous and hard to categorize. Two key historical examples stand out in the record of serious financial crises which were linked to credit driven asset price booms and busts: the 1920s and 30s and the Global Financial Crisis of 2007-2008. The question that arises is whether these two 'perfect storms' should be grounds for permanent changes in the monetary and financial environment. I raise some doubts.

Keywords: monetary policy; financial stability; financial crises; credit driven asset price booms (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E3 E42 G01 N1 N2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-his, nep-mac and nep-mon
Date: 2017-08
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