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Ethnic concentration and language fluency of immigrants: quasi-experimental evidence from the guest-worker placement in Germany (Ethnische Konzentration und Sprachkompetenz von Einwanderern: quasi-experimentelle Befunde aus der Gastarbeiteranwerbung in Deutschland)

Alexander Danzer () and Firat Yaman
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Firat Yaman: IAB

No 201010, IAB-Discussion Paper from Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]

Abstract: "The paper analyses the impact of regional own-ethnic concentration on the language proficiency of immigrants. It solves the endogeneity of immigrants' location choices by exploiting the fact that guest-workers in Germany after WWII were initially placed by firms and labor agencies. We find a robust negative effect of ethnic concentration on immigrants' language ability. Simulation results of a simultaneous location and learning choice model confirm the presence of the effect and show how immigrants with high learning cost select into ethnic enclaves. Under the counterfactual scenario of a regionally equal distribution of immigrants the share of German-speakers increases only modestly." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Keywords: Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Ballungsraum; Beschäftigungspolitik; deutsche Sprache; Einwanderer; Einwanderungsland; ethnische Gruppe; Sprachkenntnisse; Arbeitskräftemangel; Wohnort; 1955-1973 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F22 J61 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 51 pages
Date: 2010
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-mig and nep-ure
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Published in/as: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Vol. 131, Part A (2016), S. 151-165, doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2016.08.012

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