The relevance of personal characteristics and gender diversity for (eco)-innovation activities at the firm-level: Results from a linked employer-employee database in Germany
Jens Horbach and
Jojo Jacob ()
No 201711, IAB Discussion Paper from Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]
"Up to now, the growing literature on the determinants of eco-innovation has not considered the influence of personal characteristics of the employees of a firm. The existing econometric analyses show much 'noise' explaining the driving forces of ecoinnovation. The paper tries to open the 'black box' of unexplained heterogeneity. In fact, latent variables such as the greenness of a firm may be explained by the personal characteristics (gender, family status, geographical origin, education etc.) of the staff and the decision makers in a firm. The linked employer-employee database of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) in Germany allows such an analysis based on data for 2010 and 2012. The results of an econometric analysis show that a high share of high qualified women and a mixed gender composition of the management board are positively correlated to eco-innovation activities. Furthermore, the results confirm that export-oriented firms are more likely to innovate, firms characterized by an over-aging of the staff innovate less and a higher competition pressure leads to more innovations." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))
Keywords: Innovation; Umweltschutz; IAB-Linked-Employer-Employee-Datensatz; Geschlechterverteilung; geschlechtsspezifische Faktoren; Mitarbeiter; Persönlichkeitsmerkmale; Qualifikationsmerkmale; Einstellungen; Qualifikationsstruktur; erwerbstätige Frauen; Export; Führungskräfte; Teamarbeit; Umweltbewusstsein; erwerbstätige Frauen (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C35 J16 Q55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-cse, nep-hme, nep-ino and nep-sbm
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iab:iabdpa:201711
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