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International Trade, Intellectual Property Rights and the (Un)employment of Migrants

Lucas Guichard and Ignat Stepanok
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Lucas Guichard: Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (LISER)

No 202111, IAB-Discussion Paper from Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]

Abstract: "We study the effect of trade liberalization and intellectual property rights (IPR) protection on the unemployment rate of migrants relative to non-migrants. We build a North-South trade and growth model with a positive steady state rate of migration. We find that bilateral trade liberalization decreases the relative unemployment rate of migrants when migration is low and increases the relative unemployment rate when the migration rate is high. The results do not rely on assumptions about network effects, the probability to find a job for a migrant is independent of the relative size of the migrant diaspora. IPR protection leads to a higher relative unemployment rate of migrants regardless of the size of migration. We empirically test and confirm the theoretical predictions on trade liberalization and IPR protection using data for 20 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries over the period 2000-2014." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Keywords: Außenhandel; Auswirkungen; Beschäftigungseffekte; Einwanderungsland; Inländer; internationale Migration; internationaler Vergleich; Liberalisierung; Migranten; OECD; Arbeitslosenquote; Urheberrecht; 2000-2014 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F16 F22 F43 J63 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2021-07-30
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-ipr, nep-lab and nep-mig
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:iab:iabdpa:202111

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