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Health, Personality Disorders, Work Commitment and Training to Employment Transitions

Alexander Patzina (), Hans Dietrich () and Anton Barabasch
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Alexander Patzina: Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany
Hans Dietrich: Institute for Employment Research (IAB), Nuremberg, Germany
Anton Barabasch: IAB

No 202202, IAB-Discussion Paper from Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]

Abstract: "This study analyzes the influence of mental and physical health, coping abilities, cooperativeness, and work commitment on the transition from apprenticeship training to a first job. In doing so, we first investigate transitions to regular employment within six months post-graduation. Second, we analyze gapless transitions from training to a first job. Third, we investigate transitions to a decent first job. This study draws on a unique dataset of 1,061 individuals from Germany that combines rich survey and register data. The baseline survey takes place during the last year of training for these individuals and contains information on their schooling, health, personality disorders and work attitudes. The register data measure the training environment and labor market outcomes. The results from linear probability models reveal that only physical health is associated with finding a first job within six months. Physical and mental health are associated with gapless transitions. Overall health, coping abilities and work commitment are important in terms of finding decent employment. However, when conditioning on individual and training firm characteristics, these associations are weakened and become statistically insignificant. Thus, the constructs under study might drive school graduates into certain training firms and occupations leading to decent first jobs. Fourth, our results indicate that the effect of overall health on gapless transitions is largest for individuals with higher levels of education, while the overall health effect is almost zero for those who are least educated. Thus, this study provides evidence of a cumulative disadvantage of the least educated in the school-to-work transition." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Keywords: Bundesrepublik Deutschland; Ausbildungsabsolventen; IAB-Open-Access-Publikation; Auswirkungen; Commitment; Bildungsabschluss; Depression; Determinanten; Einstellungen; Gesundheitszustand; Integrierte Erwerbsbiografien; Kooperationsbereitschaft; Angst; Persönlichkeitsmerkmale; physiologische Faktoren; psychische Faktoren; Arbeit; Schulabschluss; Verhaltensstörung; Arbeitsplatzqualität; zweite Schwelle; 2016-2016 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J24 M53 P46 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 37 pages
Date: 2022-01-28
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-his and nep-lma
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Published in/as: Social Inclusion, doi:10.17645/si.v10i2.5103

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DOI: 10.48720/IAB.DP.2202

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