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The ‘German job miracle’ and its impact on income inequality: a decomposition study

Jannek Mühlhan
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No 202216, IAB-Discussion Paper from Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany]

Abstract: "In the last 15 years before the COVID-19 crisis, Germany has experienced a strong and continuous increase in employment - the ‘German job miracle’. During this period, income inequality, which had previously increased sharply, remained relatively stable. This paper analyzes the impact of employment changes on disposable income inequality between 2004 and 2015 and gives an answer to the question why inequality remained constant despite the dramatic increase in employment. It is the first study to examine the effect of changing labor supply patterns due to changes in policies, wages and preferences, as well as the role that labor market constraints have played for inequality of disposable income. It finds that inequality would have increased further due to a transforming population structure, but increasing employment and policy changes almost completely offset this development. The results show that employment growth due to the reduction of labor market constraints has been more important in slowing down the increase in inequality than changes in labor supply." (Author's abstract, IAB-Doku) ((en))

Keywords: Bundesrepublik Deutschland; IAB-Open-Access-Publikation; Auswirkungen; Beschäftigungsentwicklung; Bevölkerungsstruktur; Einkommensverteilung; Entwicklung; Hartz-Reform; Lohnstruktur; private Haushalte; soziale Ungleichheit; Sozialpolitik; Steuerpolitik; Arbeitskräfteangebot; Arbeitsmarktentwicklung; Arbeitsmarktpolitik; verfügbares Einkommen; 2004-2015 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C15 H31 I38 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 52 pages
Date: 2022-06-29
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DOI: 10.48720/IAB.DP.2216

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Handle: RePEc:iab:iabdpa:202216