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Governance Typology of Universities' Technology Transfer Processes

Anja Schoen, Joachim Henkel () and Bruno van Pottelsberghe de la Potterie

No WP 2013 - 002, iCite Working Papers from ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Abstract: Despite the growing interest in university-to-industry technology transfer, there are very few studies on the governance of universities’ technology transfer offices (TTOs). The few existing ones tend to focus on U.S. universities and generally tackle one dimension of the governance. The present paper aims at contributing to this literature in two ways. First, it takes into account the diversity of organizational models with a theoretical perspective: the paper presents a discussion on which combinations of four structural dimensions should yield viable configurations. Four main types of TTOs are identified: (1) classical TTO; (2) autonomous TTO; (3) discipline-integrated Technology Transfer Alliance; and (4) discipline-specialized Technology Transfer Alliance. Second, the paper relies on 16 case studies of universities located in six European countries in order to address the pros and cons of the four types of TTOs. The results provide both a conceptual understanding and an empirical overview of how universities organize their technology transfer and intellectual property management.

Keywords: Technology transfer offices; organizational structure; governance; academic patents (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: L30 O31 O32 O34 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cse, nep-edu and nep-ino
Date: 2013-01
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Journal Article: Governance typology of universities’ technology transfer processes (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Governance Typology of Universities' Technology Transfer Processes (2012) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:ict:wpaper:2013/149105