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Reforms and Counter-Reforms in Bolivia

Luis Carlos Jemio M., Fernando Candia C. and José Luis Evia V.

No 1121, IDB Publications (Working Papers) from Inter-American Development Bank

Abstract: This paper analyzes reforms and counter-reforms in Bolivia in recent decades and their effects on the policymaking process (PMP) and productivity. Bolivias PMP has shifted from a formal representative democracy to a participative and direct type of democracy where street protest and other non-conventional forms of political participation have become dominant. While reforms have increased productivity, they have failed to secure the political support necessary to assure long-term sustainability. In contrast, counter-reforms have so far enjoyed extensive political support, but productivity has stagnated since this process started, with declining economic growth and job creationdevelopments likely to undermine support for the counter-reform process. The document stresses the need to rebuild a consensus around a PMP capable of increasing productivity and employment creation while restoring social cohesion.

Keywords: IDB-WP-103 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-12
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:idb:brikps:1121

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