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New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America

Juan Pablo Atal, Hugo Ñopo () and Natalia Winder

No 1131, IDB Publications (Working Papers) from Inter-American Development Bank

Abstract: This paper surveys gender and ethnic wage gaps in 18 Latin American countries, decomposing differences using matching comparisons as a non-parametric alternative to the Blinder-Oaxaca (BO) decomposition. It is found that men earn 9-27 percent more than women, with high cross-country heterogeneity. The unexplained pay gap is higher among older, informal and self-employed workers and those in small firms. Ethnic wage differences are greater than gender differences, and educational attainment differentials play an important role in explaining the gap. Higher ethnic wage gaps are found among males, singleincome generators of households and full-time workers, and in rural areas. An important share of the ethnic wage gap is due to the scarcity of minorities in highpaid positions.

Keywords: IDB-WP-109 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-12
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Working Paper: New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America (2010) Downloads
Working Paper: New Century, Old Disparities: Gender and Ethnic Wage Gaps in Latin America (2009) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:idb:brikps:1131

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