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Ageing Poorly?: Accounting for the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil, 1995-2012

Francisco Ferreira (), Sergio Firpo and Julian Messina ()

No 8220, IDB Publications (Working Papers) from Inter-American Development Bank

Abstract: The Gini coefficient of labor earnings in Brazil fell by nearly a fifth between 1995 and 2012, from 0.50 to 0.41. The decline in earnings inequality was even larger by other measures, with the 90-10 percentile ratio falling by almost 40 percent. Although the conventional explanation of a falling education premium did play a role, an RIF regression-based decomposition analysis suggests that the decline in returns to potential experience was the main factor behind lower wage disparities during the period. Substantial reductions in the gender, race, informality and urbanrural wage gaps, conditional on human capital and institutional variables, also contributed to the decline. Although rising minimum wages were equalizing during 2003-2012, they had the opposite effects during 1995-2003, because of declining compliance. Over the entire period, the direct effect of minimum wages on inequality was muted.

Keywords: income inequality; human capital; wage gaps; household income (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-06
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Working Paper: Ageing Poorly? Accounting for the Decline in Earnings Inequality in Brazil, 1995-2012 (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Ageing poorly?: accounting for the decline in earnings inequality in Brazil, 1995-2012 (2017) Downloads
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