Creating New Opportunities for Rural Producers. Impact Evaluation of a Pilot Program in Colombia
Yuri Soares (),
Veronica Gonzalez Diez () and
Carlos Morales-Torrado ()
Additional contact information
Veronica Gonzalez Diez: Office of Evaluation and Oversight, Inter-American Development Bank, Washington, USA
No 113, OVE Working Papers from Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE)
Industrial clusters are commonly targeted to receive financial support allocated to local-based development projects. Cluster promotion is seen as an effective industrial policy tool aimed at improving productivity and employment generation. Nevertheless, despite its popularity as a regional development policy, identifying and assessing the economic performance of clusters is still a challenge for policy makers. The objective of this paper is twofold: identify the location of clusters in Brazil; and provide some insights of its effect on employment generation. This paper uses three measures of identification to test whether the correlation between clusters and economic performance depends on the way clusters are identified. Noticeably, the existing literature on clusters’ identification in Brazil ignores possible spatial dependence. To address this gap in the literature, this paper draws on Carroll et al. (2008) and uses Location Quotient (LQ) and Local Indicator of Spatial Association (LISA) simultaneously to identify potential clusters in Brazil in 27 industrial sectors and using a comprehensive census data of the formal sector covering 5564 Brazilian municipalities. In addition, the paper uses an annual municipal panel data for the period 2006-2009 to assess whether the presence of clusters is correlated to superior economic performance, particularly employment generation. The results show that potential clusters are correlated with better economic performance, however, different types of agglomerations present different association with economic performance. Firstly, municipalities in specialized clusters (SR) perform poorly in terms of employment generation. Secondly, the results suggest that clusters of municipalities with neighbors with similar industrial structure (Periphery Regions and Potential Cluster Region) perform much better than those that only present industry specialization (SR) and are not close to similar municipalities.
Keywords: Drug Production; Productivity; Latin America (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O13 O33 O54 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff, nep-geo and nep-lam
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Our link check indicates that this URL is bad, the error code is: 500 Can't connect to idbdocs.iadb.org.iadb.org:443 (No such host is known. ) (http://idbdocs.iadb.org/WSDocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=38356157 [301 Moved Permanently]--> https://idbdocs.iadb.org:443/WSDocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=38356157 [301 Moved Permanently]--> https://idbdocs.iadb.org.iadb.org:443/WSDocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=38356157)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:idb:ovewps:0113
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in OVE Working Papers from Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Felipe Herrera Library ().