Financial Dependence, Formal Credit and Informal Jobs - New Evidence from Brazilian Household Data
Luis Catão (),
Carmen Pages and
Maria Rosales-Rueda ()
No 4642, Research Department Publications from Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department
This paper examines a much overlooked link between credit markets and formalization: since access to bank credit typically requires compliance with tax and employment legislation, firms are more likely to incur such formalization costs once bank credit is more widely available at lower cost. The relevance of this credit channel is gauged using the Rajan-Zingales measure of financial dependence and a difference-in-differences approach applied to household survey data from Brazil. It is found that formalization rates increase with financial deepening, especially in sectors where firms are typically more dependent on external finance. Also found is that, decomposing shifts in formalization rates into those within each firm size category and those between firm sizes, financial deepening significantly explains the former but not so much the latter. Some key policy implications are derived.
Keywords: Credit Markets; Financial Dependence; Informality; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E26 G21 O16 O4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam and nep-mac
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Working Paper: Financial Dependence, Formal Credit and Informal Jobs: New Evidence from Brazilian Household Data (2010)
Working Paper: Financial Dependence, Formal Credit, and Informal Jobs: New Evidence from Brazilian Household Data (2009)
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