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Political cycles and yardstick competition in the recycling of waste. Evidence from Italian provinces

Massimiliano Ferraresi (), Massimiliano Mazzanti (), Matteo Mazzarano, Leonzio Rizzo and Riccardo Secomandi
Additional contact information
Massimiliano Ferraresi: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)
Matteo Mazzarano: Catholic University of Milan
Leonzio Rizzo: University of Ferrara & IEB
Riccardo Secomandi: University of Ferrara

No 2020/12, Working Papers from Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB)

Abstract: Recycling and the recovery of waste are crucial waste management strategies. In light of the new EU circular economy approach, these strategies remain core pillars of a competitive and sustainable waste value chain. Local governments have an important role in controlling and checking the implementation of waste management policies. We study the spatial determinants of waste recovery by using a dataset of 102 Italian provinces from the years 2001-2014. We exploit the political cycle of the provinces to isolate the effects of waste recovery in one province on neighboring provinces. We find that provinces mimic their own neighbors’ in the separate collection of waste aimed at recycling and recovery, with this effect being fully guided by provinces where the president can run for re-election (consistent with the yardstick competition hypothesis) but only when waste management policies become politically salient, that is, after the transposition of the 2008 EU Waste Framework Directive.

Keywords: Spatial interactions; political budget cycle; waste management; recycling; yardstick competition (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H20 H71 H77 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 30 pages
Date: 2020
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur
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