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Uncertain Paternity, Mating Market Failure, and the Institution of Marriage

Dirk Bethmann and Michael Kvasnicka

No 701, Discussion Paper Series from Institute of Economic Research, Korea University

Abstract: This paper provides a first microeconomic foundation for the institution of marriage. Based on a model of reproduction, mating, and parental investment in children, we argue that marriage serves the purpose of attenuating the risk of mating market failure that arises from incomplete information on individual paternity. Raising the costs of mating to individuals, marriage circumscribes female infidelity and mate poaching among men, which reduces average levels of paternal uncertainty in society. A direct gain in male utility, the latter induces men to invest more in their putative offspring, a fact that benefits women because of the public good nature of children. Able to realize Pareto improvements, marriage as an institution is hence explained as the result of a societal consensus on the need to organize and structure mating behavior and reproduction in society for the benefit of paternal certainty and biparental investment in offspring.

Keywords: Marriage; Mating; Paternal Uncertainty; Parental Investment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D02 D10 J12 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 34 pages
Date: 2007
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