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How Long Does It Last? The Relative Age Ef ect inKorean Elementary Education

Dirk Bethmann and Jae Il Cho ()
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Jae Il Cho: Vanderbilt University; Department of Economics; 010-back Calhoun Hall, Nashville, TN, 37240, United States

No 2106, Discussion Paper Series from Institute of Economic Research, Korea University

Abstract: An elementary school student‟s relative age is defined as the child‟s age relative to the age of its classmates. To what extent relative age gaps influence academic outcomes is an ongoing debate in educational economics and related fields. Our study analyzes the existence, magnitude, and duration of relative age effects in South Korea for various school subjects. Our results show that relative age effects are stronger for science related subjects and that they disappear after students graduate from elementary school and start their secondary school education.

Keywords: relative age effect; seasonal birth; academic achievement (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I20 I21 J13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
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