Economic foundations of generalized games with shared constraint: Do binding agreements lead to less Nash equilibria?
Yann Braouezec () and
Keyvan Kiani ()
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Yann Braouezec: IESEG School of Management, CNRS-LEM, UMR 9221, Paris campus, Socle de la Grande Arche, 1 Parvis de la Défense, 92044 Paris La Défense Cedex
Keyvan Kiani: IESEG School of Management, CNRS-LEM, UMR 9221, Paris campus, Socle de la Grande Arche, 1 Parvis de la Défense, 92044 Paris La Défense Cedex
No 2021-ACF-06, Working Papers from IESEG School of Management
A generalized game is a situation in which interaction between agents occurs not only through their objective function but also through their strategy sets; the strategy set of each agent depends upon the decision of the other agents and is called the individual constraint. As opposed to generalized games with exogenous shared constraint literature pioneered by [Rosen, 1965], we take the individual constraints as the basic premises and derive the shared constraint generated from the individual ones, a set K. For a prole of strategies to be a Nash equilibrium of the game with individual constraints, it must lie in K. But if, given what the others do, each agent agrees to restrict her choice in K, something that we call an endogenous shared constraint, this mutual restraint may generate new Nash equilibria. It is the main result of this paper to show that the set of Nash equilibria in endogenous shared constraint contains the set of Nash equilibria in individual constraints. In particular, when there is no Nash equilibrium in individual constraints, there may still exist a Nash equilibrium in endogenous shared constraint and we give two economic applications of this to collective action problems (carb on emission and public good problems).
Keywords: Generalized games; binding agreements; individual and shared constraints; collective action problems (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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