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Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten

M. Caridad Araujo (), Pedro Carneiro (), Yyannú Cruz-Aguayo and Norbert Schady
Additional contact information
Yyannú Cruz-Aguayo: Institute for Fiscal Studies

No CWP09/16, CeMMAP working papers from Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies

Abstract: We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning of the school year, and applied 12 tests of math, language and executive function (EF) at the end of the year. All teachers were filmed teaching for a full day, and the videos were coded using a wellknown classroom observation tool, the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (or CLASS). We find substantial classroom effects: A one-standard deviation increase in classroom quality results in 0.11, 0.11, and 0.07 standard deviation higher test scores in language, math, and EF, respectively. Teacher behaviors, as measured by the CLASS, are associated with higher test scores. Parents recognize better teachers, but do not change their behaviors appreciably to take account of differences in teacher quality.

Keywords: Teacher quality; learning; test scores (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 I25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-03-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
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Related works:
Working Paper: Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten (2020) Downloads
Journal Article: Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten (2016) Downloads
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ifs:cemmap:09/16

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