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Family, firms and the gender wage gap in France

Elise Coudin, Sophie Maillard and Maxime To ()
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Sophie Maillard: Institute for Fiscal Studies

No W18/01, IFS Working Papers from Institute for Fiscal Studies

Abstract: This paper explores how two main channels explaining the gender wage gap, namely the heterogeneity of firm pay policies and sex-specific wage consequences of parenthood, interact. We perform Card et al. (2016) decompositions all along workers’ life cycle to evidence a sorting mechanism of French private sector female workers into lower-paying firms that activates shortly after births of children. Mothers tend to work in firms with more flexible work hours and close to home. Gender-specific firm choices generate wage losses all along mothers’ careers, in addition to direct child penalties. Young mothers with low wage expectations exiting the labor market after births leads to underestimate these effects. This working paper was updated on 31/07/19.

Keywords: gender wage gap; gender inequalities; linked employer-employee data; two-way fixed effect models; discrimination (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J31 J71 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-01-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem, nep-eur, nep-gen and nep-lab
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