EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Technology, demand, and productivity: what an industry model tells us about business cycles

Zuzana Molnarova and Michael Reiter

No 29, IHS Working Paper Series from Institute for Advanced Studies

Abstract: In this paper, we study the relative importance of demand and technology shocks in generating business cycle fluctuations, both at the aggregate level and at the level of individual industries. We construct a New Keynesian DSGE model that is highly disaggregated at the industry level with an input-output network structure. Measured productivity in the model fluctuates in response to both technology and demand shocks due to endogenous factor utilization. We estimate the model by the simulated method of moments using U.S. industry data from 1960 to 2005. We find that the aggregate technology shock has zero variance. Exogenous shocks to technology are necessary for our model to fit the data, but these shocks are exclusively industry-specific, uncorrelated across industries. The bulk of the aggregate fluctuations, including those in aggregate measured productivity, are explained through shocks to aggregate demand. This shock structure is supported by a host of information from the disaggregate data. Our second finding is that about half of the decrease in the cyclicality of measured productivity in the U.S. after the mid-1980s can be explained by the reduction in the size of demand shocks, in line with the narrative of the great moderation.

Keywords: Business cycles; productivity; industries; factor utilization; input-output linkages; networks (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E32 E37 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 60 pages
Date: 2021-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-dge, nep-eff, nep-mac and nep-tid
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations:

Downloads: (external link)
https://irihs.ihs.ac.at/id/eprint/5622 First version, 2021 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Technology, demand, and productivity: What an industry model tells us about business cycles (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:ihs:ihswps:29

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
Institute for Advanced Studies - Library, Josefstädterstr. 39, A-1080 Vienna, Austria

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in IHS Working Paper Series from Institute for Advanced Studies Josefstädterstr. 39, A-1080 Vienna, Austria. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Doris Szoncsitz ().

 
Page updated 2024-07-17
Handle: RePEc:ihs:ihswps:29