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The Economic Benefits of Latino Immigration: How the Migrant Hispanic Population’s Demographic Characteristics Contribute to US Growth

Jacob Kirkegaard () and Gonzalo Huertas

No WP19-3, Working Paper Series from Peterson Institute for International Economics

Abstract: The Hispanic community in the United States has contributed significantly to US economic growth in recent decades and will continue to do so over the next 10 to 20 years, adding more to US growth than some past immigrant communities at similar stages of integration and time following their arrival on American shores. This contribution derives partially from demographic vitality: the fact that Hispanics are the youngest and largest minority group in America and are on a path toward becoming an increasingly large share of the US labor force. Higher fertility rates, net immigration, and growing labor force participation rates will reinforce this trend. This paper presents evidence showing that Hispanic educational attainments are now rapidly converging to the US average. The Hispanic community now exhibits significantly higher levels of opportunity-driven entrepreneurship than does the rest of the US population. These factors position the Hispanic community to increase its contribution to the US economy in coming decades, with significant positive effects on the overall economic growth rate. The data underlying this analysis are available at https://piie.com/system/files/documents/wp19-3.zip.

Keywords: geographic labor mobility; immigrant workers; demographic trends; macroeconomic effects; forecasts; international migration (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J61 J11 F22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int, nep-lab, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2019-02
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