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Household Inequality, Welfare, and the Setting of Trade Policy

Joseph Francois and Hugo Rojas-Romagosa ()

The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series from IIIS

Abstract: We analyze general equilibrium relationships between trade policy and the household distribution of income, decomposing social welfare into real income level and variance components through Gini and Atkinson indexes. We embed these inequality-adjusted social welfare functions in a general equilibrium structure mapping from tariff protection to household inequality. This yields predictions regarding the linkages between trade protection, country characteristics and inequality in Heckscher-Ohlin and Ricardo-Viner frameworks. In addition, we can separate the efficiency and equity effects of tariffs on welfare. We then examine endogenous tariff formation when policy makers care about both equity and special interests.

Keywords: trade policy; household distribution of income; Atkinson index; Gini index; political econom (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 O15 D31 D72 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005-12-15
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-pol
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Related works:
Working Paper: Household Inequality, Welfare and the Setting of Trade Policy (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Household Inequality, Welfare, and the Setting of Trade Policy (2004) Downloads
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