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The rise of the "just-in-time workforce": on-demand work, crowdwork and labour protection in the "gig-economy"

Valerio. De Stefano

ILO Working Papers from International Labour Organization

Abstract: The so-called “gig-economy” has been growing exponentially in numbers and importance in recent years but its impact on labour rights has been largely overlooked. Forms of work in the “gig-economy” include “crowdwork”, and “work- on-demand via apps”, under which the demand and supply of working activities is matched online or via mobile apps. These forms of work can provide a good match of job opportunities and allow flexible working schedules. However, they can also pave the way to a severe commodification of work. This paper discusses the implications of this commodification and advocates the full recognition of activities in the gig-economy as “work”.

Keywords: precarious employment; part time employment; temporary employment; casual worker; labour market; job insecurity; workers rights; social media; role of ILO; emploi précaire; emploi à temps partiel; emploi temporaire; travailleur occasionnel; marché du travail; insécurité de l'emploi; droits des travailleurs; médias sociaux; rôle de l'OIT; empleo precario; empleo a tiempo parcial; empleo temporal; trabajador ocasional; mercado de trabajo; inseguridad laboral; derechos de los trabajadores; medios sociales; papel de la OIT (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 36 pages
Date: 2016
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-pay
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Published in Conditions of work and employment series

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