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The Implied Bail-in Probability in the Contingent Convertible Securities Market

Masayuki Kazato and Tetsuya Yamada
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Masayuki Kazato: Deputy Director, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan (E-mail:
Tetsuya Yamada: Director, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies (currently Financial System and Bank Examination Department), Bank of Japan (E-mail:

No 18-E-03, IMES Discussion Paper Series from Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan

Abstract: The issuance of contingent convertible securities (CoCos) has increased not only in Europe but also in Asia and other areas over the past several years. In this paper, we extend the existing model used to price CoCos to estimate the implied bail-in probability for a variety of CoCos by modifying loss rates for investors due to bail-ins of CoCos. Using our model for empirical analyses, we find that when the credit events occur, the bail-in probability of a CoCo increases by more than the default probability implied by credit default swaps (CDS). The result suggests that the bail-in probability can be used as an early warning indicator of financial crises. We also find that the conditional default probability after bail-in tends to be lower the more CoCos a bank has issued. This finding indicates that investors believe financial institutions become less likely to default as issuing more CoCos strengthens their loss absorption capacity. Overall, our analysis suggests that the market prices of CoCos contain useful information on financial stability.

Keywords: Market-implied bail-in probability; Contingent convertible securities; Basel III; Financial stability (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G12 G15 G21 G28 G32 G33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban and nep-rmg
Date: 2018-05
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Handle: RePEc:ime:imedps:18-e-03