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State Dependence in Labor Market Fluctuations: Evidence, Theory, and Policy Implications

Carlo Pizzinelli, Konstantinos Theodoridis () and Francesco Zanetti ()
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Carlo Pizzinelli: University of Oxford

No 19-E-03, IMES Discussion Paper Series from Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan

Abstract: This paper documents state dependence in labor market fluctuations. Using a Threshold Vector-Autoregression model, we establish that the unemployment rate, the job separation rate and the job finding rate exhibit a larger response to productivity shocks during periods with low aggregate productivity. A Diamond-Mortensen-Pissarides model with endogenous job separation and on-the-job search replicates these empirical regularities well. The transition rates into and out of employment embed state dependence through the interaction of reservation productivity levels and the distribution of match-specific idiosyncratic productivity. State dependence implies that the effect of labor market reforms is different across phases of the business cycle. A permanent removal of layoff taxes is welfare enhancing in the long run, but it involves distinct short-run costs depending on the initial state of the economy. The welfare gain of a tax removal implemented in a low- productivity state is 4.9 percent larger than the same reform enacted in a state with high aggregate productivity.

Keywords: Search and Matching Models; State Dependence in Business Cycles; Threshold Vector Autoregression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E32 J64 C11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-lab and nep-mac
Date: 2019-02
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Related works:
Working Paper: State Dependence in Labor Market Fluctuations: Evidence,Theory, and Policy Implications (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: State Dependence in Labor Market Fluctuations: Evidence, Theory, and Policy Implications (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: State dependence in labor market fluctuations: evidence, theory, and policy implications (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: State Dependence in Labor Market Fluctuations: Evidence, Theory, and Policy Implications (2018) Downloads
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