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Dollarization in Sub-Saharan Africa: Experiences and Lessons

Etienne Yehoue, Marco Pani, Rodolfo Maino, Patrick Imam, Sebastian Weber (), Yibin Mu, Justin Matz, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu (), Manuel Rosales Torres, Juan Corrales, Ashwin Moheeput, Carla Macario, Futoshi Narita (), Jemma Dridi and Mauro Mecagni

No 2015/005, IMF Departmental Papers / Policy Papers from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: Dollarization—the use of foreign currencies as a medium of exchange, store of value, or unit of account—is a notable feature of financial development under macroeconomically fragile conditions. It has emerged as a key factor explaining vulnerabilities and currency crises, which have long been observed in Latin America, parts of Asia, and Eastern Europe. Dollarization is also present, prominently, in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it remains significant and persistent at over 30 percent rates for both bank loans and deposits—although it has not increased significantly since 2001. However, progress in reducing dollarization has lagged behind other regions and, in this regard, it is legitimate to ask whether this phenomenon is an important concern in SSA. This study fills a gap in the literature by analyzing these issues with specific reference to the SSA region on the basis of the evidence for the past decade.

Keywords: DPPP; DP; foreign currency; bank deposit; deposit dollarization; exchange rate; loan dollarization; Dollarization; Currencies; De-dollarization; Bank deposits; Sub-Saharan Africa; Central Asia; East Asia; Asia and Pacific; Eastern Europe (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 75
Date: 2015-05-15
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Handle: RePEc:imf:imfdps:2015/005