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"Low for Long" and Risk-Taking

Tobias Adrian

No 2020/015, IMF Departmental Papers / Policy Papers from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is causing an unprecedented worldwide economic contraction, leading central banks to reduce interest rates to historically low levels and making unconventional monetary policies—including “low for long” interest rates and asset purchases—increasingly common. Arguably, however, the policies implemented are efficient because they encourage increased risk-taking, and they may have, if unintentionally, increase medium- and long-run macro-financial vulnerabilities. This paper argues that the resulting trade-offs need to be carefully accounted for in monetary policy models and outlines how that can be achieved in practice.

Keywords: Monetary Policy; Risk-Taking; Financial Stability; NKV model; monetary-policy decision makers; growth distribution; rule in the NKV framework; augmented monetary-policy rule; NKV framework; decision makers; monetary policy making; monetary-policy transmission mechanism; financial risk; Financial sector risk; Output gap; Production growth; Macroprudential policy; Macroprudential policy instruments; Global (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-11-24
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ban, nep-cba and nep-mon
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