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After Paris: Fiscal, Macroeconomic and Financial Implications of Global Climate Change

Anna Ter-Martirosyan, Mai Farid, Michael Keen (), Michael Papaioannou, Catherine Pattillo and Ian Parry ()

No 2016/001, IMF Staff Discussion Notes from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: This paper discusses the implications of climate change for fiscal, financial, and macroeconomic policies. Most pressing is the use of carbon taxes (or equivalent trading systems) to implement the emissions mitigation pledges submitted by 186 countries for the December 2015 Paris Agreement while providing revenue for lowering other taxes or debt. Carbon pricing in developing countries would effectively mobilize climate finance, and carbon price floor arrangements are a promising way to coordinate policies internationally. Targeted fiscal measures that are tailored to national circumstances and robust across climate scenarios are needed to counter private sector under-investment in climate adaptation. And increased disclosure of carbon footprints, stress testing of asset values, and greater proliferation of hedging instruments, will facilitate low-emission investments and climate risk diversification through financial markets.

Keywords: SDN; asset-management firm; private sector; carbon pricing; bond market; economic growth; exchange rate; public expenditure; Climate mitigation; climate finance; adaptation; financial markets; fiscal policy; access country; long-term debt; pricing carbon; price level; countries price carbon; emissions price; Climate change; Carbon tax; Natural disasters; Greenhouse gas emissions; Global; South Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 46
Date: 2016-01-11
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