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Women in the Labor Force; The Role of Fiscal Policies

Anna Fruttero, Daniel Gurara, Lisa L Kolovich, Vivian Malta, Marina Tavares, Nino Tchelishvili and Stefania Fabrizio

No 2020/003, IMF Staff Discussion Notes from International Monetary Fund

Abstract: Despite the increase in female labor force participation over the past three decades, women still do not have the same opportunities as men to participate in economic activities in most countries. The average female labor force participation rate across countries is still 20 percentage points lower than the male rate, and gender gaps in wages and access to education persist. As shown by earlier work, including by the IMF, greater gender equality boosts economic growth and leads to better development and social outcomes. Gender equality is also one of the 17 United Nations Sustainable Development Goals that 193 countries committed to achieve by 2030.

Keywords: Gender diversity; Women; Gender inequality; Education; Labor force participation; SDN,pay,income,gender wage gap,child care,household income (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 41
Date: 2020-02-16
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Handle: RePEc:imf:imfsdn:2020/003